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Definitions - What Do These Female Cosmetic Genital Surgery Procedures Mean?
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Labiaplasty Gone Wrong?
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Labiaplasty Surgical Techniques Vary, Depending On Individual Case—Here’s What You Need to Know—And the Questions to Ask
How to Choose the Best Labiaplasty Surgeon
Before & After Photos -Dr. Stern, FL & VA
Before & After Photos - Dr. Goodman, CA
Before & After Photos - Dr. Gonzalez, KS
Before & After Photos - Dr. Placik, IL
Before & After Photos - Dr. Kolb, GA
Before & After Photos - Dr. Hardwick-Smith, TX
Before & After Photos - Dr. Rosenfield, OR
Before & After Photos - Dr. Jacobson, CT
Before & After Photos - Dr. Penmetsa, NY
Before & After Photos - Dr. Jason, NY
Before & After Photos - Dr. Chambers, NV
Before & After Photos - Dr. Hardas, MI
Before & After Photos - Dr. Miklos and Dr. Moore, CA & GA
Before & After Photos - Dr. Sudarsky, FL
Before & After Photos - Dr. Ennis, FL
Enduring Constant Pain And Discomfort From Enlarged Labia
Vaginoplasty Before and After Photo Gallery
Vaginoplasty Frequently Asked Questions
Vaginoplasty Patient Success Story
Vaginoplasty Surgery Success
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Labiaplasty and Vaginoplasty Combination Surgery
Labia Vagina Combination Surgery Before and After Photos
Combination Labiaplasty, Vaginoplasty, Clitoral Unhooding Patient Success Story
Female Sexual Enhancement Surgery
Patient Case Studies
Labiaplasty Patient Clinical Study
Selecting a Surgeon
What to Expect Before and After Your Surgery
General Surgery FAQ
Women's Health Articles
Women's Health Books
Breast Enlargement (Augmentation Mammoplasty)
Since its inception,
back in the 60s’, this surgical procedure has now become fairly
common. Women who desire better definition, size or have asymmetry (congenital)
can usually rely on this procedure to give them consistently good results.
Women who’ve had multiple childbirths and have breast-fed can
also employ mammoplasty to re-volume the breast—eliminating breast
sagging after feeding stops (postpartum) and milk production ceases.
Size increases in bust can typically result in one or more bra sizes.
Insertion (incision) Considerations
While the basis for the procedure is fairly standard—that being
the insertion of either saline or silicone prosthetic devices (breast
implants)—the method of surgically inserting the implants has
evolved over the years in an effort to conceal incision/procedural scars.
Generally, four methods of insertion are used—TUBA (Transumbilical
Breast Augmentation—via an incision in the navel; insertion via
the underarm; insertion below the natural crease of the breast; or insertion
via the areola pigmentation border.
The placement of the breast implant is another surgical consideration
and can greatly rely on the type of breast implant utilized—anatomical
versus standard implant. Generally, when viewing a midsagittal section
of the mammary gland, anatomical implants are placed between the pectoralis
major (pec or chest muscle) and the lateral side of the intercostal
muscles (rib cage muscles). By doing so, the outline of the implant
is well hidden below the pec muscle group and appears more natural.
Another alternative is to place the implant beneath the lactiferous
glandular/adipose tissue region. Commonly called, “above the muscle
placement” this location yields a more pronounced effect, but
can also appear less natural.
Material And Construction
Two basic material designs exist. They are, cohesive gel implants (silicone
gel in a polymer shell), and saline component in a polymer shell. Each
offers distinct advantages, and patient considerations. Silicone gel
implants generally have a more natural feel, but, in the past have been
reported to lead to complications in some women, if they rupture. Saline
implants (salt water) don’t have the same feel as silicone (but
very similar), but if ruptured for any reason they will be easily absorbed
without complications. Generally, silicone implants cost a bit more
as well. In construction design, anatomical implants are made in a teardrop
shape, offering a natural appearance that flows with the existing breast
shape. Regular implants are symmetrical and look less natural. Anatomical
implants (see example before and after photos below) usually cost several
hundred dollars more than regular implants. You and your surgeon, at
the preoperative consult, will decide the size, implant type and placement
of the implant.
You can expect to be
sore for a few days after the surgery. The degree of discomfort depends
on whether the implants are placed under the breast tissue, as described
above, or under the breast muscle. Any discomfort can be controlled
by pain medication prescribed by your surgeon.
Before Breast Enlargement
After Anatomical Breast
Page Update: March 18, 2010
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